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ISSN : 1225-2964(Print)
ISSN : 2287-3317(Online)
Annals of Animal Resource Sciences Vol.32 No.1 pp.1-8

Studies on Fibrolytic Bacteria Function and Colonization Under Different Environments of Rumen Fermentation

Ha Guyn Sung
Professor, Department of Animal Science, Sangji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
*Corresponding author: Ha Guyn Sung, Department of Animal Science, Sangji University, Wonju 26339 Korea, Tel: +82-33-730-0536, E-mail:


This study was conducted to observe the effect of fiber digestion enhancement and inhibition factors on fibrolytic bacterial colony growth and fiber digestion in the rumen fermentation environment. In order to promote the fiber digestion, 0.2% NaOH of rice straw was used as a substrate in rumen in vitro fermentation. A 0.1% methylcellulose (MC) was added rumen in vitro culture with untreated rice straw to inhibit fiber digestion. When in vitro culture was performed using untreated rice straw as a substrate, all substrate adherent colonies and rumen suspended colonies of Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococcus flavefaciens and Ruminococcus albus showed an increasing growth as incubation time progressed; however there were significantly more substrate-adherent colonies than rumen fluid floating colonies at all incubation times (p<0.05). Fiber substrate digestibility in in vitro rumen fermentation was significantly higher 0.2% NaOH treated rice straw than untreated substrate (p<0.05). In addition, substrate-adherent colonies of fibrolytic bacteria were significantly more in the NaOH-treated group than in the untreated group for F. succinogenes, R. flavefaciens, and R. albus (p<0.05). When untreated rice straw was added to an in vitro culture, with or without 0.1% MC, to create a rumen environment for inhibiting fiber digestion, substrate digestibility was significantly suppressed compared to that in the untreated group (p<0.05). Additionally, substrate-adherent colonies were significantly fewer in the addition of MC than in the untreated control group for F. succinogenes, R. flavefaciens and R. albus (p<0.05). The results indicate that surface-adherent colonies of bacteria decomposing fiber substrate are far more than rumen fluid floating colonies in the rumen fermentation environment, and the environmental factors of rumen fermentation give same associative effect on the fibrinolytic function of fiber bacteria and its ecological communities.

반추위 발효 환경에 따른 섬유소 박테리아 기능 및 생태에 대한 연구

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