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ISSN : 1225-2964(Print)
ISSN : 2287-3317(Online)
Annals of Animal Resource Sciences Vol.32 No.1 pp.9-15

Effect of the Power Ranking of Mares on the Stereotypies and the Response Behaviors Against Restraining of the Desire to Eat in the Offspring of Haflinger Horse

Mi Kyoung Kim1, Chung Hee Kim2, Hyun Jung Kim1, Deok Hwangbo1, Yea Hwang Moon2
1Graduate Student, 2Professor, Department of Animal Science & Biotechnology, Gyeongnam National University of Science
*Corresponding author: Yea Hwang Moon, Department of Animal Science & Biotechnology, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju 52725, Korea. Tel: +82-55-751-3265, E-mail:


This study was conducted to investigate the effect of the power ranking of mares on their offspring’s stereotypies and response behaviors against a restraining of their desire to eat. Nine horses (2-4 years old) - three offspring born from three Haflinger mares over 3 years - were assigned to three experimental groups (High, Middle, Low) divided by the power ranking of mares. Three mares had no oral or locomotor stereotypic behaviors, but the higher the power ranking of mares, the more diverse and longer the duration of the oral stereotypies of their offspring (p<0.05). Although the offspring born from the high-ranking mare vigorously continued oral stereotypies until 3-4 years of age, there were no individuals that progressed to chronic locomotor stereotypies such as crib-biting, weaving, and box-walking. With an increase in the power ranking of the mare, the response of her offspring to the restraining of the eating desire (measured in terms of the frequency of the oral and locomotor stereotypies) increased (p<0.05). In conclusion, the oral stereotypies shown in this study are characteristic behaviors that occur during the growth process. However, in the case of riding horses, the offspring of a high-power ranking mare and/or one that reacted excessively against restrains, may be better observed and treated in a stall to manage stereotypic behaviors and correct the behaviors at their initial stage.

종빈마의 서열이 자마의 상동증 및 섭식행위 억제에 따른 반응행동에 미치는 영향

김미경1, 김충희2, 김현정1, 황보덕1, 문여황2
경남과학기술대학교 동물생명과학과 대학원생1, 교수2